Spanish America

In 1577 with the ending of the Spanish domain on Portugal, many Jews had come to direct Brazil of the Iberian Peninsula. Some of these had been for the North America, Holland and Spanish America. It enters the years of 1591 and the 1618 Jews if they had spread for Brazil, mainly for the South. 1601 – License for the exit of the Kingdom and promise of never more renewing the prohibition. Service of 170 a thousand Cruzados.

The license for the exit was forwarded in form of a safe conduct, with gone right only to one (and never to the return) and demanded that the name of the solicitant was aportuguesado. It has thousand of Jewish last names using the combination of the colors, the elements of the nature, the crafts, cities physical characteristics, having as root, for example the following words: Colors: Roit or Roth (red); Grun or Grinn (green); Wais or, Weis or Weiss (white); Schwartz or Swarty (dark, black); Gelb or Gel (yellow); Blau (blue) Panoramas: Berg (mountain); Such or Thal (valley); Wasser (water); Feld (field); Stein (rock); Stern (star); Hamburger (living of the village). Metals, precious rocks and merchandises: Gold (gold), Silver (silver), Kupfer (it has covered), Eisen (iron), Diamant or Diamante (diamond), Rubin (ruby), Perl (pearl), Glass, (glass), Wein (wine). Vegetation or nature: Baum or Boim (tree); Blat (leaf); Blum or Blume (flower); Rose (pink); Holz, (Wood). Physical characteristics: Shein or Shen (pretty); Hoch (high); Lang (long); Gross or Grois (great), Klein (small), Kurtz (short); Adam (man). Crafts: Beker (baker); Schneider (tailor); Schreiber (clerk); Singer; (singer); Holtzkocker (cutting wooden), Geltschimidt (silversmith), Kreigsman, Krigsman, Krieger, Kriger (warlike, soldier), Eisener (blacksmith), Fischer (fossil hunter or fishing), Glass or Gleizer (vidreiro). The words of simple form, combined had been used and with the aggregation of syllables as sound, son; man, man or er, that he assigns place.


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