Introduction In last the 50 years, the world passed for a series of transformations, the agricultural way that was the locomotive of the country per centuries, if modernized with the technologies created through the time. In against departure to the way of agricultural life it was losing space with the growth of the cities, the search for better jobs, wages, renderings of services, access to the health had contributed for the agricultural exodus, and, mainly the unemployment in the field. Ahead of this situation, the study of the Headboard of Backwaters, in the city of Amrico De Campos? S.P, offers the possibility to visualize the past and the gift of this space that mixture agricultural and urban aspects, brings history and culture and exemplifica in clear and real way the decay of these places in the Brasil.A contribution of this study inhabits in the analysis of the profile of the social groups that inhabit these spaces, with prominence for the loss of its cultural identity. To define basic concepts of agricultural quarter and agricultural district was one of the aspects that had made it difficult procedure of the research. This work has for general objective to understand relative aspects to the representations and relations developed in the quarter of the Headboard of Backwaters, where the progress did not contribute for the growth of the place. Beyond rescuing the history of the community, the work also analyzed and identified changes promoted in the region with passing of the years, beyond the problems faced for the inhabitants, among others. With analysis of this facts and others that had entered in question with the development of the work, was displayed part of history of quarter, analyzing this old community of city, and bringing to knowledge of population contents historical and geographic, that demonstrates the importance to know and to respect part of local history, without counting that facts cited in the article had brought the idea of that history and geography happen all in place, and are in the day the day of each one, and that the making great knowledge is not gift only in world-wide, told in pertaining to school books, but that these same events are in our proper community and city. .