These measures, associates with the development of some sectors as of not-ferrous metals and siderurgy, that had reduced the importations still more, had taken the Trade balance to a surplus of US$ 13 billion in 1984. In this exactly year, with the containment of some problems and capital and hand of available workmanship, country already could retake the growth. To understand the context historical that took the Brazilian economy to the collapse, it is necessary to retake history and to identify crucial points that had given this route to the country.
Thus, in the following paragraphs a survey will become on the years that had preceded the decade of 80 and in which the decisions had been taken that had more influenced the economy later. Brazil, in 1974, in virtue of the explosive growth of the value of the importations, arrived at a commercial deficit of US$ 9,9 billion, that resulted in a disarrangement of great ratios in the external accounts. The economy met at a delicate moment and needed measures of containment not to deepen the crisis, as they made other developed countries. The government that assumed, however, opted to the growth by means of the indebtedness, searching resources in the exterior to keep the warm economy and thus to postpone the economic adjustment that came to occur in the following decade, accumulating innumerable problems. The National Plan was initiated thus II of Development, PND II, by means of which the government searchs the growth of the market, promoting the development in way to the crisis and answering to the external strangulation through the reorganization it productive device, that is, coming back the production the basic industrial goods and insumos, as energy and foods. The investment blocks announcing for II the PND were the medium and long run and thus expected that the majority of the projects if materialize between 2 and 3 years, but others, as the relative ones to the basic sources of energy, could lead up to one decade to be concluded.