Mongolian language family belongs to the language families of the Old World. And, while burning in Mongolian people are not very high – about 6.8 million people – they were quite widespread (from the north-eastern areas of the People's Republic of Korea to the area between the rivers Volga and Don in Russia). By the Mongolian language family include Mongolian, Buryat, Kalmyk, baoansky, dagursky, dunsyansky languages and mongorsky Mughal languages, shear-yugursky language, the Khitan and syanbiysky languages. The last two languages are by far the "dead" languages. The term "Mongol" has several meanings. Firstly it is used for indicate the language of the Mongolian people – a nation living on the territory of Mongolia. This language is based on the dialect, which is the main dialect of the country and called Khalkha Mongolian or Khalkha. Native speakers about 2.3 million people according to 1995.
Khalkha dialect refers to the central dialectic group of Mongolia, there are more western and eastern groups. Dialects differ among themselves in phonetics. Secondly, the name "Mongol" combines all three in a Mongolian dialect, referred to above and is the language of Inner Mongolia, Inner Mongolian which includes district and the neighboring provinces of China (Jilin, Heilongjiang and Liaoning provinces). The language is spoken about 2.713 million inhabitants (1982). Differ in language (the language of the Mongols of Mongolia and Inner Mongolia) in phonetics and morphology. But by and large they are of the same language, which was divided into only two border states. Third, the Mongolian language called obschemongolsky language that was in vogue in the XVI-XVII centuries and obschemongolsky literary language, which existed in the XIII-XVII centuries.