Continues the author of the novel El Apando, history not only moved by the will of the power groups, but that many problems of the country, such as the formation of a nationality, are of a historical nature (Perez, 2002: 259) with regard to the process of consolidation of nationalism, is also pertinent clarify that its establishment in the collective, at least in the modern sense ideology, i.e. the nationality as an imaginary community that draws its members with a sense of belonging (Anderson, 1991: 5-6, is a long-term process and took many decades to settle. That process, which was an important milestone from the 20s age, in the time of Vasconcelos and the creation of the SEP, had an added incentive in this lack of credibility which indicates Cosio in his essay, or in search of its reaffirmation. Not only through the creation of a patriotic Pantheon that serve as ideological underpinnings to the elite ruler, disseminated in school textbooks of basic education, but that the arts also had a leading role: suffice it to recall those Clemente Orozco’s murals and Alfaro Siqueiros reflecting on the walls of the new works architectural posrevolucionarias the dialectics of classes that permeated the intellectual reality at that time. Similarly, it is important to highlight the role of cinematography, sponsored in large part by public funds, in the creation of nationalism through tapes that up the exploits of the heroes of the match hegemonic demeritando the facts of those opponents to the power elite.
_ _ Cosio Villegas test discussion is a diagnosis of the decay of a regime which I mislaid their purposes and whose legitimacy this increasingly in doubt. According to the author, Mexico is undergoing a major ideological crisis because the revolutionary foundations that have moved the political ideology, social and economic of the country are meaningless. Over time the power and vitality of the revolution have been eroded in part by their indiscriminate use, but especially because the political leaders have not been at the height of the situation (Cosio, 1972: 103).