The content programmarian the one that if relates this article will include diverse aspects of the history and the culture that characterize the formation of the Brazilian population, from these two ethnic groups, such as the study of the history of Africa and the Africans, the fight of the blacks and the aboriginal peoples in Brazil, the culture black and aboriginal Brazilian and the black and the indian in the formation of the national society, rescuing its contributions in the areas social, economic and politics, pertinent the history of Brazil. (Writing given for the Law n 11,645, of 2008). 2o the referring contents to history and culture afro-Brazilian and of the Brazilian aboriginal peoples will be given in (Enclosed for the Law n 10,639, of 9 of January 2003). The National Advice through seeming 003/2004/CNE/CP, regulates the alterations in Law 9394/96 (Law of Lines of direction and Bases of the National Education), for Law 10.939/03. This To seem has as objective to guide the System of Education, as well as, the Agencies and Institutions integrate that them, for the fulfilment of the Law N.